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Carbon-neutral wind power | The competitive landscape of the wind power industry

Release time:2023-03-06   Click:83

Abstract from Prospective Industry  Research Institute

First, the domestic competition pattern.

1. Grid-connected wind power capacity continues to rise.

    According to the statistics of the National Energy Administration, the cumulative grid-connected installed capacity of China''s wind power from 2016 to 2022 continued to rise, and the growth rate remained at a high level. By the end of 2021, China''s total installed capacity of wind power will reach 328 million kilowatts, including 302 million kilowatts of onshore wind power and 26.39 million kilowatts of offshore wind power. By the end of November 2022, the installed capacity of wind power reached 35.96 million kilowatts, an increase of 15.1% year-on-year.

2. The development scale of Guoneng Group ranks first in the world.

    According to the statistics of the Wind Energy Committee (CWEA), as of the end of 2021, China''s top 10 enterprises in wind power development scale are mainly state-owned enterprises, ranking first Guoneng Group, which is currently the world''s largest wind power developer, in addition, Huaneng Group and Guodian Investment development scale are more than 30 million kilowatts.

3. Inner Mongolia ranks first in installed capacity in China.

    Fan is the core equipment of wind farm power generation, from the cumulative installed capacity of various provinces and cities, as of November 2022, the country''s top ten installed wind power provinces are: Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Shandong, Gansu, Henan, Ningxia, Guangdong. Among them, Inner Mongolia ranked first in the country with 42.16 million kilowatts of installed capacity, and the top ten provinces accounted for 65% of the country''s installed wind power capacity.

    From January to November 2022, China''s new grid-connected wind power installed capacity of 22.52 million kilowatts, a year-on-year decrease of 218%, mainly in the fourth quarter of 2021 appeared "rush loading tide", pulling up the installed capacity, and the market in 2022 is relatively stable. In 2022, Jilin, Gansu and Inner Mongolia will rank first in new grid-connected installations, with new installed capacity of more than 2.2 million kilowatts.

4.Wind turbine prices fluctuate lower.

    According to statistics, since 2003-2022, China''s wind turbine prices have shown a downward trend as a whole, as of 2022, the price is 1500 yuan /kw, the price is less than 1/4 of 2003. The price decline is mainly due to the technological progress of the industry and the scale effect of increasing production capacity.

5. New installed capacity of wind power will increase slightly.

    GWEC estimates that in 2022-2027, China''s new wind power installed capacity will always account for more than 40% of the world''s new wind power installed capacity, and by 2026, China''s new wind power annual installed capacity will exceed 60GW, of which onshore wind power exceeds 50GW and offshore wind power exceeds 10GW. It is expected that in 2027, China''s new installed capacity of wind power will further increase to about 66GW, and the compound growth rate of new installed capacity from 2023 to 2027 will be about 5.64%.

Second, foreign competition pattern.

1. The newly installed capacity of offshore wind power increased significantly.

    The Global Wind Energy Report 2022 released by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) points out that thanks to technological advances and business model innovation, the wind energy industry is developing rapidly, with 93.6GW of new wind power installed globally in 2021, down 1.8% from 2020. Among them, the new installed capacity of onshore wind power was 72.5GW, and the new installed capacity of offshore wind power was 21.1GW, which increased significantly compared with previous years.

2. China is still the fastest developing country in wind power.

    In the context of the global wind power growth slowdown, China''s wind power installed capacity has fallen. However, China''s new installed capacity of wind power in 2021 still ranks first in the world, achieving 47.57GW of new installed capacity, accounting for 51% of the global new installed capacity, of which the installed capacity of onshore wind turbines increased by 30.67GW, and the installed capacity of offshore wind turbines increased by 16.90GW. Followed by the United States, the new installed capacity of 12.75GW, accounting for 14%, all for onshore fans; Brazil and Vietnam followed closely behind, each accounting for 4% of global wind capacity additions. The new installed capacity in the UK was 2.32GW, accounting for 3%. The five major countries have a total new installed capacity of 69.19GW, accounting for about 72% of the global new installed capacity.

    In 2021, the Asia-Pacific region''s newly installed wind power capacity will account for 59% of the world''s new installed capacity, once again becoming a global wind power growth engine. Europe and North America accounted for 19% and 14% of new wind capacity, respectively. Latin America accounts for 6%; Africa and the Middle East account for just 2 per cent.

3. The Asia-Pacific region accounts for nearly half of the world''s installed wind power capacity.

    By the end of 2021, the total installed capacity of wind power in the world will be 837GW, of which China ranks first, with a total installed capacity of 338.31GW, accounting for 40.40% of the world''s total installed capacity. The total installed capacity of wind power in the United States is 134.40GW, accounting for 16.05%, second only to China; Although Germany is not a lot of new installed capacity in 2021, as a veteran wind power power, the cumulative installed capacity still accounts for the third position, with a total installed capacity of 64.54GW, accounting for 7.71%. India and the United Kingdom have a total installed capacity of 40.08GW and 26.59GW, accounting for 4.79% and 3.17%, respectively. The cumulative installed capacity of wind power in China and the United States accounts for more than 50% of the world''s total installed capacity, and the top five countries account for more than 70%.

    From the perspective of global wind power cumulative installed capacity, in 2021, the Asia-Pacific region ranked first with 404.14GW of cumulative installed capacity, accounting for 48.26% of the global installed capacity; Europe followed, with 235.95GW of installed capacity, accounting for 28.17%, the Americas accounted for 22.48%, ranking third, Africa and the Middle East installed only 9.09GW, accounting for 1.08% of the global cumulative installed capacity.


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